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How to write an Argument essay (Agree disagree essay)

In essays we are supporting or refuting an argument with examples and reasons. The main goal of our writing is to persuade the reader, so it is important that your essay sounds logical.

Your essay should have four paragraphs and you should divide each paragraph into several sentences. Each sentence carries its specific function. And after all sentences you build a centralized argument.

Look at this essay structure:

S* – sentence

Paragraph 1 – Introduction

  • S 1 – Background statement
  • S 2 – Detailed background statement
  • S 3 – Thesis
  • S 4 – Outline sentence

Paragraph 2 – First supporting paragraph

  • S 1 – Topic sentence
  • S 2 – Example
  • S 3 – Discussion
  • S 4 – Conclusion

Paragraph 3 – Second supporting paragraph

  • S 1 – Topic sentence
  • S 2 – Example
  • S 3 – Discussion
  • S 4 – Conclusion

Paragraph 4 – Conclusion

  • S 1 – Summary
  • S 2 – Restatement of thesis
  • S 3 – Prediction or recommendation

 

As you can see there are 15 sentences totally that makes the essay about 250-270 words and this is perfect for Writing Task 2.

Note: Sentences should be short, clear and linked to one another using cohesive phrases.

 

You must learn several steps before you write a Task 2 essay.

Step 1

You should be able to read the essay rubric clearly and find three things : keywords, qualifying words and action words

Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today.  In the not too distant future, technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom.  Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

 

  1. Keywords

These are the topics you will be using in your essay. In this example, “technology” and “education” are our keywords.

So now we know the direction of our essay.

  1. Qualifying words

These are the words in question rubric that presents opinion. In our example, the phrase “increasingly prevalent” and “completely replace” must be chosen as our qualifying words.

 

  1. Action words

This is simply what question wants us to do. In the above example the action word is “do you agree or disagree with this statement”

 

How to write an Introduction

An Introduction is the vital part of your essay. You must form your introduction part so that when an examiner reads it, he would already know what you are going to say furthermore in your essay.

The structure of the task 2 introduction looks like this:

  • Background sentence
  • Detailed background sentence
  • Thesis
  • Outline

 

 

Let’s take the same argument essay (agree disagree essay) question and see it in action:

Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today.  In the not too distant future, technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom.  Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

 

The background sentence simply means something general about the topic of the essay question.  To write this we will use keywords mentioned in the question.  For example:

Let’s take one of the main keywords from the essay question that is “technology” and make a general sentence about it:

The use of technology is increasing rapidly in the modern world.

Here we got our first sentence of the essay. Now in the second introduction sentence let’s write something about the “growing presence of technology in the classroom”.

As an example:

Growing innovative impact can even be found in the classroom.

Now it’s time to write a beautiful thesis for our question.

Here you should decide your position on whether you agree or disagree with the essay question.

Thesis sentence:

It is disagreed that technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom.

The next step is to write an Outline sentence. (Final sentence of our introduction)

Here you note the points you are going to use to support your position and discuss each of your point in separate paragraphs.

So, in this case our two points are:

  • a robotic teacher would be unable to cater to a student’s learning needs
  • a technology-driven teacher would have difficulty encouraging students

Now we need to group these two points into one sentence that is our Outline sentence.

And this would be like this:

Breaking down the impotence of a technology-driven instructor to both cater to student learning needs and instill motivation will show this.

 

After all these steps are done, our full introduction paragraph will be as below:

The utilization of technology is expanding quickly in the modern world. Growing innovative impact can even be found in the classroom. However, it is disagreed that technology will completely supplant the classroom instructor in the foreseeable future.  Breaking down the impotence of a technology-driven instructor to both cater to student learning needs and instill motivation will show this.

 

 

The next step is to write Supporting paragraphs (Body paragraphs)

In your supporting paragraph you must prove the thesis by using real and factual information.

Each body paragraph has four sentences:

S* – sentences

  • S 1 – Topic sentence
  • S 2 – Example
  • S 3 – Discussion
  • S 4 – Conclusion

If we go back and read our Introduction paragraph again, you can see the outline sentence containing two points for our supporting paragraphs (body paragraphs).

The utilization of technology is expanding quickly in the modern world. Growing innovative impact can even be found in the classroom. However, it is disagreed that technology will completely supplant the classroom instructor in the foreseeable future.  Breaking down the impotence of a technology-driven instructor to both cater to student learning needs and instill motivation will show this.

The outline sentence has two points that are:

  1. the impotence of a technology-driven instructor to cater to students
  2. the difficulty a machine would have motivating students

To prove your position effectively you should use real life examples in each supporting paragraph. See good examples and bad examples below:

Good examples: companies, products, well-known people, historical events, cultural traditions, personal experiences

Bad examples: personal opinions, hearsay, generalizations, unspecific references

Good example allows you to finish your idea easily in supporting paragraph.

 

Here is an example for our essay “Technology can’t replace teachers”:

Now let’s put down our ideas into the paragraph:

The first sentence is the topic of the paragraph.

Firstly, an educator operating with a computerized reasoning would experience issues interpreting the instructive needs of classroom students.

The second sentence is the example for topic:

For instance, Honda Asimov, one of the world’s most developed robots, experiences difficulty recognizing straightforward human emotions.

Here we gave some real factual info to support the topic sentence. This makes our essay much stronger.

The third sentence is the discussion sentence. This sentence needs to show why our example proves this supporting paragraph’s topic.

If  today’s most exceptional artificial intelligence cannot categorize these elementary physical cues, it is hard to believe that a machine could one day alter study plans and teaching styles in a dynamic classroom setting.

The final sentence of the supporting paragraph is conclusion sentence.

This sentence carries a great importance as it links the topic and the argument of the supporting paragraph back to the thesis.

It looks like this:

Therefore, this makes it clear that a technology-driven instructor is unlikely to be in service anytime in the near future.

So if we combine all above sentences together this is how our first Supporting paragraph would look like:

    Firstly, an educator operating with a computerized reasoning would experience issues interpreting the instructive needs of classroom students. For instance, Honda Asimov, one of the world’s most developed robots, experiences difficulty recognizing straightforward human emotions. If  today’s most exceptional artificial intelligence cannot categorize these elementary physical cues, it is hard to believe that a machine could one day alter study plans and teaching styles in a dynamic classroom setting. Therefore, this makes it clear that a technology-driven instructor is unlikely to be in service anytime in the near future.

 

We have finished our first supporting paragraph:

Using the same steps our second supporting paragraph would look like this:

On the other hand, an automated instructor would lack the ability of building up the emotional connection needed to motivate students. The American scientific theory of education plays a good example here. This generally bolstered hypothesis contends that young learners are most motivated when they have an emotional relationship with their teacher. As most would concur expecting children to frame emotional ties to robots is doubtful, the contention that technology will supplant the instructor in the classroom can be debunked.

 

If we join our Introduction paragraph to them :

The utilization of technology is expanding quickly in the modern world. Growing innovative impact can even be found in the classroom. However, it is disagreed that technology will completely supplant the classroom instructor in the foreseeable future.  Breaking down the impotence of a technology-driven instructor to both cater to student learning needs and instill motivation will show this.

    Firstly, an educator operating with a computerized reasoning would experience issues interpreting the instructive needs of classroom students. For instance, Honda Asimov, one of the world’s most developed robots, experiences difficulty recognizing straightforward human emotions. If  today’s most exceptional artificial intelligence cannot categorize these elementary physical cues, it is hard to believe that a machine could one day alter study plans and teaching styles in a dynamic classroom setting. Therefore, this makes it clear that a technology-driven instructor is unlikely to be in service anytime in the near future.

On the other hand, an automated instructor would lack the ability of building up the emotional connection needed to motivate students. The American scientific theory of education plays a good example here. This generally bolstered hypothesis contends that young learners are most motivated when they have an emotional relationship with their teacher. As most would concur expecting children to frame emotional ties to robots is doubtful, the contention that technology will supplant the instructor in the classroom can be debunked.

 

The next and the last step is Conclusion paragraph (of an essay):

This part is the most effortless part of your essay as what you do is to copy the same information from Introduction and supporting paragraphs. You should write only three sentences:

  • S 1 – Summary
  • S 2 – Restatement of thesis
  • S 3 – Prediction or recommendation

At the final sentence you give recommendations or predictions to the topic.

Our first conclusion sentence is Summary. Here we combine our points together.

As you recall we had two points we built our essay on. These were:

  • a robotic teacher’s inability to cater to student educational needs
  • a robotic teacher’s inability to motivate students

So if we group them together here is how our Summary sentence will be as below:

To sum up, an automated educator would not possess dynamism and emotional intelligence required to be a viable instructor.

The second conclusion sentence is Restatement of thesis

So let’s take a look at our thesis in our Introduction paragraph:

It is disagreed that technology will completely replace the teacher in the classroom.

And if we paraphrase it again for our Conclusion part it would be like this:

Thus, it is clear why having students instructed completely by a machine is far beyond the reality anytime soon.

And FINALLY the last conclusion sentence is Prediction or recommendation:

It is predicted that computer technology will not replace traditional human teachers in the foreseeable future.

Let’s combine the conclusion part together:

In summary, a robotic teacher would lack the classroom dynamism and emotional intelligence needed to be an effective instructor.  Thus, it is clear why having a class run entirely by a machine is an idea that will not be realized anytime soon.  It is predicted that computer technology will not replace traditional human teachers in the foreseeable future.

Read  IELTS Writing Task 2 essay samples here

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