How to write Advantages and Disadvantages essay


In an actual IELTS writing task 2 part you can see essays that ask you to write about advantages and disadvantages of a certain topic.

ielts-adbantage-disadvantageThere are mainly 3 types of advantage disadvantage essays you might face:

  1. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of this and form an opinion.


  1. In your opinion, what are the advantages and disadvantages of this topic?


  1. Do you feel this topic has more advantages than disadvantages?

All three has the same action words that asks us to write about advantages and disadvantages. But there is a little difference between them.

First example question asks to mention advantages and disadvantages that is suitable with discussion essay style. All you need to do is to write about advantages in one body paragraph and disadvantages in the other one, for sure. Your final opinion must be in the conclusion paragraph.

In the Second example question is similar to the first one. But here you can easily write your opinion in the Introduction paragraph as a thesis or can write it in the conclusion paragraph as a statement of position.

The advent of the Internet has made it possible for people to work from home.  Write an essay looking at the advantages and disadvantages of this professional arrangement.  Share personal examples in your essay.

The Internet has revolutionized the world in many different ways.  Among these, it has made it possible for people to work from home.  This essay will analyze the advantages and disadvantages that arise when a person lives and works in the same place.  Following this look, a reasoned conclusion will be shared.

On the one hand, working from home gives people the flexibility to set their own hours, which can allow for the arranging of a schedule that makes a person more productive.  For example, a friend of mine freelances as a programmer from home and has discovered he is most productive when he works late at night.  As such a schedule would not be possible at a normal 9 to 5 desk job, the positive effects his home office arrangement have on his productivity can be seen.  Examples like this clearly show the advantages that can derive from working at home.

However, working from one’s abode can often be the cause of mental anguish.  For instance, I recall once collaborating with an online team from the comforts of my apartment.  Although this arrangement allowed me to make my own schedule, it also meant that I had to constantly be on call, as my co-workers contacted me day and night with their work-related problems.  Thus, some jobs done from home may make it difficult for a person to detach themselves from their professional commitments.

The above look illustrates that certain jobs and certain people may be more fitted for the home office arrangement.  It is thus recommended that prospective home office workers weigh the pros and cons before engaging such a commitment.

In the Third example, though, everything changes. In this type you are asked if the topic has more advantages or disadvantages. So you need to write a clear thesis noting that the topic has more advantages or disadvantages. Body paragraphs must support your point with further evidence.

In our example we stand by the opinion the that the topic has more disadvantages.

See below:

The advent of the Internet has made it possible for people to work from home.  Do you feel this working arrangement has more advantages or disadvantages?  Share personal examples in your essay.

The Internet has revolutionized the world in many different ways.  Among these, it has made it possible for people to work from home.  Despite the many advantages that may derive from this arrangement, it is felt that working from home is predominantly disadvantageous to the professional.  This will be proven by looking at how the home sets professionals up to be both distracted and unable to detach themselves from work.

For one, although working from home may be effective for many, most people are likely to get distracted under these conditions.  For example, a former manager of mine once delegated a writing task to me and instructed me to complete it at home.  When I went to engage the project, I found it difficult to stay focused in an environment I traditionally relaxed in, and as a result the quality of my work suffered.  My experience clearly shows that for people like myself, working from home is disadvantageous to productivity.

In addition to this, the stay-at-home worker often finds it challenging to distance themselves from their work, and this can be mentally exhausting.  For instance, a colleague of mine started his own business from home.  Within the first few months, he was receiving telephone calls, emails and faxes at all times of the day and night.  In the end, he felt forced to migrate this professional pursuit to a rented office apartment simply because it was taking over his life.  As this story illustrates, the disadvantages of a home-based job are numerous.

To conclude, despite advantages of lower overhead and independence, working from home has many more drawbacks than favourable points.  It is thus hoped that professionals everywhere think carefully before settling on this working arrangement.

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